Dubai, United Arab Emirates (CNN) – After the representatives of the Sudanese Armed Forces and the Rapid Support Forces in Saudi Arabia reached an agreement on a short-term ceasefire and humanitarian arrangements, we present to you the full text of the agreement, according to what was reported by the official Saudi Press Agency:
Short Term Ceasefire Agreement and Humanitarian Arrangements
We, the Sudanese Armed Forces and the Rapid Support Forces referred to below, by both parties, reaffirming our commitment to the sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of Sudan, and reaffirming our commitment to the principles set forth in the Jeddah Declaration for the Protection of Civilians in Sudan signed on May 11, 2023 AD, and recognizing that the conflict in Sudan threatens civilian life and the long-term economic and social stability of the country, Recognizing further the severe impact of the conflict on civilians and the economy that will increase as it continues, Recognizing the need to strengthen the protection of civilians, Resolving to promote full respect for human rights and compliance with our obligations under international humanitarian law, Renewing our commitment to a short-term ceasefire to facilitate the passage of humanitarian aid. We welcome the support and generosity of international donors in providing and delivering humanitarian aid to the Sudanese people, in accordance with international best practices and international humanitarian law, in cooperation with us. Accordingly, the following was agreed upon:
1. General provisions
a. The two parties agree that the objective of this agreement is to achieve a short-term ceasefire in order to facilitate the delivery of emergency humanitarian aid and the restoration of basic services.
B. Under this agreement, the two parties include the Jeddah Declaration (Commitment to Protect Civilians in Sudan) as a reference, and reaffirm all the commitments contained therein, including the obligation to evacuate, to refrain from acquisition, to respect and protect all public facilities such as medical facilities, hospitals, and water and electricity installations, and to refrain from using them for military purposes.
c. This Agreement shall enter into force as soon as the Parties sign it. The short-term ceasefire period shall commence forty-eight (48) hours after the signing of this Agreement and its entry into force.
Dr.. The parties may agree to renew or update this agreement for additional periods, and to renew this agreement:
(1) The Monitoring and Coordination Committee shall be notified, no later than (48) hours prior to the termination of this Agreement, that the Parties are ready to agree to the renewal, and to propose updates (in the event of renewal).
(2) The parties may renew this agreement for a period to be agreed upon.
(3) The Agreement may be extended for additional periods by the same procedure.
(4) This Agreement shall expire if it is not renewed.
2. A short-term ceasefire:
a. The Parties agree to a short-term cease-fire, which is set forth in this Agreement, to take effect forty-eight (48) hours after the entry into force of this Agreement. The two parties undertake to use the time between the entry into force of this agreement and the start of the short-term ceasefire period by working on the following:
(1) Inform their forces of the terms of this agreement.
(2) Directing their forces to comply with the short-term ceasefire.
B. The calculation of the short-term ceasefire period shall begin forty-eight (48) hours after the signing of this Agreement and its entry into force, and thereafter shall remain in force for a period of seven (7) days.
c. Each party shall perform this Agreement fully and in good faith and shall ensure that all forces under its command and control, abide by this Agreement at all times and in full.
Dr.. A short-term ceasefire applies throughout Sudan.
H. The two sides shall inform the civilian population of the short-term ceasefire through publications, radio and all possible means of communication. Both sides shall provide accurate information regarding the short-term ceasefire to the media.
And the. During the period of the short-term cease-fire, the parties shall guarantee the freedom of movement of civilians throughout the country and protect them from violence, harassment, recruitment, or other abuses.
g. The parties warrant that all forces under their control cease and desist from the following prohibited acts, which are in violation of this Agreement:
All violations and breaches of international human rights law and violations of international humanitarian law.
Attacks and hostilities, including sniper attacks.
Air attacks and the use of military aircraft, drones or any heavy weapons.
Shooting at any civilian aircraft or humanitarian aid carrier.
Torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, including sexual and discriminatory violence in all its forms.
Targeting civilian infrastructure or population centers.
Obtaining or strengthening defences, or resupplying or distributing weapons or military supplies, including from foreign sources.
Attempts to occupy or occupy new territory or locations, including civilian infrastructure or population centres.
Movement of forces, weapons, or resources, except as provided in the permitted actions in this Agreement.
Recruiting, enrolling or mobilizing soldiers.
Harassment, attacks, hostage-taking or unlawful detentions of civilians, including humanitarian workers.
Looting or confiscation of property, resources or humanitarian supplies.
Restricting or obstructing the movement of civilians, including humanitarian workers and humanitarian aid items.
Threatening to use force or inciting violence.
Impeding any monitoring or verification of the short-term ceasefire.
Espionage activities by air, land or sea.
Using civilians as human shields.
Occupying hospitals and basic infrastructure facilities, including water, electricity and fuel facilities.
Occupying civilian homes.
Use of medical transports, such as ambulances, for military purposes.
Enforced disappearance or arbitrary detention of persons.
Looting, looting and vandalism.
The use of propaganda or incitement against any of the parties or the use of any tribal or ethnic groups.
Using official communication channels to spread disturbing, false or erroneous information about the short-term ceasefire.
Withholding information about persons deprived of their liberty or access to them by humanitarian organizations.
h. The parties may perform the following permitted acts:
Facilitate repair and restoration activities for basic services and infrastructure such as electricity, water and communications facilities.
Medical evacuation and movement of unarmed individuals in need of medical care.
The supply of non-combat materials, such as food, water, medicine, fuel, lubricating oils, stationery, clothing, and related administrative needs and movements, within the areas of control of the parties concerned.
Facilitating humanitarian work, through the flow of humanitarian and relief aid in accordance with the agreed regulations.
i. The parties shall remain bound by the terms and obligations of this Agreement until the end of the short-term ceasefire.
j. The two parties shall agree to a short-term cease-fire where they are located, upon the entry into force of the short-term cease-fire.
K. In the event that the forces of the two parties are in direct contact and / or along certain humanitarian corridors, the two sides shall disengage their forces, and the forces of the two parties that are in direct contact will stop firing and put themselves in a defensive position.
3. Humanitarian arrangements
a. The two parties adhere to the commitments and principles of the Jeddah Declaration in all their actions, which is an integral part of this agreement, recognizing that the two parties have existing obligations to respect international humanitarian law and international human rights law, and the provisions contained in this agreement seek to strengthen and supplement them.
B. The Parties shall, in accordance with the Jeddah Declaration, create conditions conducive to the provision of emergency relief and provide security guarantees for safe and unimpeded access by humanitarian agencies.
c. The Parties shall secure and provide free passage and unimpeded access to roads along the corridors or paths designated for the delivery of humanitarian assistance.
Dr.. The parties commit to ensuring continued free, urgent and unimpeded humanitarian access, including access to relevant facilities to repair infrastructure and basic civil services, and not to impede the flow of humanitarian assistance from within Sudan or across borders to the affected population.
H. Both parties are committed to ensuring the safety and protection of humanitarian workers, their equipment and property.
And the. The two parties are committed to protecting and securing humanitarian aid from looting, theft, corruption and vandalism.
g. The Parties shall take comprehensive measures to ensure the movement and protection of humanitarian aid convoys, including ensuring their safety without interference with the work of humanitarian actors.
h. Both sides will abide by the principles and spirit of international humanitarian law when implementing the short-term ceasefire.
i. The Parties shall provide the International Committee of the Red Cross with relevant information on all detainees and prisoners of war who have been arrested or detained as a result of the conflict and to enable it to carry out its work.
4. Committee for the Monitoring and Coordination of the Short Term Ceasefire and Humanitarian Aid:
a. The Parties agree to establish a committee to monitor and coordinate the short-term ceasefire and humanitarian aid (the Monitoring and Coordination Committee) to monitor adherence to the short-term ceasefire and adherence to this Agreement.
B. The Monitoring and Coordination Committee shall consist of three (3) representatives for each of the two facilitators of this Agreement (the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United States of America) and three (3) representatives for each party. The two parties shall appoint their representatives and share their names with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United States of America when signing this Agreement.
c. The Monitoring and Coordination Committee maintains regular and direct contact with the SAF and RSF commands and designated focal points on all coordination work necessary to implement the short-term ceasefire and humanitarian assistance.
Dr.. The Monitoring and Coordination Committee receives communications from the Sudanese Armed Forces, the Rapid Support Forces, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the United States, and international humanitarian actors operating in Sudan (the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and the International Red Cross) regarding violations of the short-term ceasefire or any action that may occur. Endangers short-term ceasefires or provisions for humanitarian aid, including the actions of other parties.
H. The Monitoring and Coordination Committee holds its meetings – in person or virtually – for the purposes of coordination, information exchange, and dealing with accusations of violations, and it has internal regulations to organize its work.
And the. The Monitoring and Coordination Committee provides a platform for receiving complaints and resolving disputes related to allegations of violations, and does everything it can to verify or confirm these allegations of violations, identify the parties involved in any violations, and mediate disputes or disagreements between the parties.
g. In the event that the Monitoring and Coordination Committee determines that there has been a breach or violation of the provisions of this Agreement, the Committee shall determine the appropriate procedures, which include (but are not limited to):
Notify the party who committed or is accused of committing the violation.
Publicly identifying the party that committed the violation.
Demanding accountability for perpetrators of violations, especially crimes and grave abuses.
h. The Monitoring and Coordination Committee helps facilitate coordination with relevant humanitarian actors, including the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and the International Red Cross, in making arrangements for immediate, full and unhindered humanitarian access, repair of infrastructure and basic civil services, including but not limited to: Limit:
(1) Ensure that all actors respect international humanitarian law.
(2) Ensure the protection of civilians and their freedom of movement.
(3) Ensure full respect by all actors of the humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence.
(4) Ensure the full, safe and unhindered movement of all humanitarian organizations, civil society groups, and community-based organizations to the short-term ceasefire area, to enable them to provide timely assistance based on the needs of those affected by the conflict and to repair basic infrastructure and services.
(5) Maintaining and enabling points of contact from each party, and the points of contact are the main points of contact for humanitarian operations and coordination.
(6) Ensure protection while respecting the neutrality of humanitarian action for humanitarian workers, resources, the location of operations, and corridors as appropriate and requested.
(7) Remove any bureaucratic or security obstacles to humanitarian access and humanitarian action to allow for speedy and effective humanitarian action and repair of basic services.
(8) Ensure unimpeded humanitarian access to allow for its safe resumption and repair of civilian infrastructure and basic services.
(9) Uphold obligations towards the displaced, as well as respect for refugees, under international law, and implement appropriate measures to ensure the protection and safety of all refugees in Sudan.
It was signed in the city of Jeddah on May 20, 2023 AD, with the facilitation of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United States of America.
Rear Admiral Corner/ Mahjoub Bushra Ahmed Rahma, Brigadier General Corner/ Omar Hamdan Ahmed Hammad
Sudanese Armed Forces Rapid Support Forces
المصدر: CNN عربية